RETIRED ›
This product is no longer available and has been replaced by: TDR200. Some accessories, replacement parts, or services may still be available.
TDR100 Time-Domain Reflectometer

Overview

The TDR100 Time-Domain Reflectometer is the core of the Campbell Scientific time-domain reflectometry system. This system is used to accurately determine soil volumetric water content, soil bulk electrical conductivity, rock mass deformation, or user-specific time-domain measurement. Up to 16 TDR100s can be controlled using a single Campbell Scientific datalogger. PC-TDR software is used with our TDR100-based systems during system setup and troubleshooting. It can be downloaded from the Downloads section of the web page.

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Benefits and Features

  • Compact, low-cost reflectometer
  • Designed for use in remote applications
  • Determines volumetric water content and electrical conductivity in soil and other porous media
  • Compatible with CR800, CR850, CR1000, and CR3000 dataloggers

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Detailed Description

The TDR100 (1) generates a short rise time electromagnetic pulse that is applied to a coaxial system that includes a TDR probe for soil water measurements and (2) samples and digitizes the resulting reflection waveform for analysis or storage.

The elapsed travel time and pulse reflection amplitude contain information used by the on-board processor to quickly and accurately determine soil volumetric water content, soil bulk electrical conductivity, rock mass deformation or user-specific, time-domain measurement.

The datalogger collects a 250-point waveform and analyzes it in approximately two seconds. Each waveform can have up to 2,048 data points for monitoring long cable lengths used in rock mass deformation or slope stability. Averaging up to 128 readings makes accurate measurements possible in noisy environments.

Specifications

Pulse Generator Output 250 mV into 50 Ω
Output Impedance 50 Ω ±1%
Time Response of Combined Pulse Generator & Sampling Circuit ≤ 300 ps
Pulse Length 14 µs
Timing Resolution 12.2 ps
Waveform Averaging 1 to 128
Electrostatic Discharge Protection Internal clamping
Power Supply Unregulated 12 V (9.6 to 16 V)
300 mA maximum
Operating Temperature Range -40° to +55°C
Pulse Generator Aberrations
  • ±5% (within first 10 ns)
  • ±0.5% (after 10 ns)
Dimensions 23.6 x 5.9 x 12.6 cm (9.3 x 2.3 x 5.0 in.)
Weight 726 g (1.6 lb)

Waveform Sampling

-NOTE- 20 to 2048 waveform values over chosen length

Distance is Vp=1. Time is one-way travel.
Range
  • -2 to 2100 m (distance)
  • 0 to 7 µs (time)
Resolution
  • 1.8 mm (distance)
  • 6.1 ps (time)

Current Drain

During Measurement 270 mA
Sleep Mode 20 mA
Standby Mode 2 mA

Compatibility

Datalogger Considerations

To control the TDR100, the datalogger uses TDR100 instruction in CRBasic or Instruction 119 in Edlog. All CR800-series, CR1000, and CR3000 operating systems (OS) are compatible with the TDR100. The CR10X operating system (OS) should be version 1 rev. 13 or higher and the CR23X OS should be version 1 rev. 10 or higher.

Compatible Contemporary Dataloggers

CR200(X) Series CR800/CR850 CR1000 CR3000 CR9000X

Compatible Retired Dataloggers

CR500 CR510 CR10 CR10X 21X CR23X CR9000 CR5000 CR7X

Enclosure Considerations

The TDR100 requires a desiccated, non-condensing environment; a Campbell Scientific enclosure is recommended. The TDR100's case has mounting flanges for attachment to the 1 in.-on-center hole grid of Campbell Scientific enclosures.

Compatible Enclosures

ENC10/12 ENC10/12R ENC12/14 ENC14/16 ENC16/18

Downloads

TDR100 OS v.0.9724 (60 KB) 08-15-2012

Current TDR100 Operating System. PC-TDR must be connected to TDR100.

PC-TDR v.3.0 (7.34 MB) 12-15-2016

Support software designed for the TDR200 and is also compatible with the retired TDR100 Time-Domain Reflectometer.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Number of FAQs related to TDR100: 15

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  1. Yes. The datalogger can be programmed to send commands to the TDR100 and to store the measurement results. A flag can be used in the program to initiate measurement and store these results.
  2. These three multiplexers all use the same relay board, but the housing differs. The multiplexers are described side-by-side on page 2 of this brochure.

    The most popular model is the SDMX50SP, followed by the SDMX50.

  3. PC-TDR is a free download in the Downloads section of the PC-TDR web page.

  4. Slope stability/rock mass deformation instrumentation is used to detect slope movement and rock mass deformation associated with landslide, mining, and construction activities. In many applications, the ground movement readings are processed by a datalogger.

    Application engineers at Campbell Scientific can provide a list of geotechnical system integrators who can offer guidance and/or support for TDR cable selection, installation, waveform interpretation, and alarm condition set points.

  5. Campbell Scientific offers six soil probes that have different rods and connector cables, allowing them to be used in diverse soil types and with a variety of cable lengths. For more details, see the listed TDR100 probes.

  6. Yes. The datalogger can be programmed to store time-series data from the TDR100. The time-series data can then be viewed using PC400 or LoggerNet. For program examples, see the TDR100 Instruction Manual.

  7. The TDR100 ships with the items listed in the Ships With box on the right side of this page.

    In addition, consider purchasing the ENCTDR100 TDR System Enclosure. This enclosure ships with many items necessary for a TDR100 Data Acquisition System. See the Ships With box on the right side of this page.

  8. No. A CRBasic or Edlog datalogger editor (included in PC400 and LoggerNet software) is needed to write program code for the TDR100. Short Cut for Windows (SCWin) is not designed to handle the many variables of the TDR100.

  9. No, as of September 2014. The PC-TDR support software can be downloaded free-of-charge from the Downloads section of the PC-TDR product page.

Case Studies

Illinois: Automating a Data System
The McCook Reservoir is a ten-billion-gallon reservoir located in La Grange, Illinois. The Metropolitan Water......read more
San Diego: Slope Monitoring
The North County Transit District (NCTD) of San Diego County, California, determined that three segments......read more
Ohio: Monitoring Sinking Highway
When the Ohio Department of Transportation (Ohio DOT) was preparing to widen Interstate 77, they......read more