109 Temperature Probe
Rugged, Accurate, Versatile
Can be used in a variety of applications
weather applications water applications energy applications gas flux & turbulence applications infrastructure applications soil applications

Overview

The 109 is a rugged, accurate probe that measures air, soil, and water temperature for a variety of applications. It consists of a thermistor encapsulated in an epoxy-filled aluminum housing. The housing protects the thermistor, allowing the 109 to be buried or submerged. The 109 measures from -50° to +70°C.

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Benefits and Features

  • Versatile product—measures air, soil, or water temperature
  • Wide temperature measurement range
  • Compatible with most Campbell Scientific dataloggers
  • Easy to install or remove
  • Durable
  • Compatible with the CWS900-series interfaces, allowing it to be used in a wireless sensor network

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Detailed Description

The 109 consists of a thermistor encapsulated in an epoxy-filled aluminum housing. The housing protects the thermistor allowing it to be buried in soil or submerged in water.

This probe outputs a 0 to 2.2 V signal when using 2500 mV excitation.

Specifications

Sensor Description Measurement Specialties™ 10K3A1iA Thermistor
Tolerance ±0.2°C (over 0° to 70°C range)
Temperature Measurement Range -50° to +70°C
Steinhart-Hart Linearization Error ≤ 0.03°C (-50° to +70°C)
Interchangeability Error ±0.1°C (over 0° to 70°C range increasing to ±0.5°C at -50°C)
Time Constant in Air 30 to 60 s (in a wind speed of 5 m s-1)
Maximum Submersion Depth 15.24 m (50 ft)
Maximum Cable Length 305 m (1000 ft)
Probe Length 10.4 cm (4.1 in.)
Probe Diameter 0.762 cm (0.3 in.)
Weight 136 g (5 oz) with 3.05-m (10-ft) cable

Compatibility

Datalogger Considerations

The 109 was designed specifically for our CR200(X)-series and CR300-series dataloggers but is suitable for other compatible dataloggers. 

Programming

Alll compatible CRBasic dataloggers contain the Therm109 instruction for measuring the 109 probe. Programming is more complicated for older Edlog dataloggers because they must use generic measurement instructions.

Compatible Contemporary Dataloggers

CR200(X) Series CR800/CR850 CR1000 CR3000 CR9000X CR6-Series CR300-Series

Compatible Retired Dataloggers

CR500 CR510 CR10 CR10X 21X CR23X CR5000 CR9000 CR7X


Installation Considerations

Air Temperature

When exposed to sunlight, the 109 must be housed in a radiation shield. It is typically housed in a 41303-5A 6-plate naturally aspirated shield. It may also be housed in a 41003-5 10-plate shield if a 41322 Adapter Plate is used. The radiation shield mounts to a mast, tower leg, or crossarm.

Soil Temperature

The 109 is suitable for shallow burial only. Placement of the cable inside a rugged conduit may be advisable for long cable runs—especially in locations subject to digging, mowing, traffic, use of power tools, or lightning strikes.

Water Temperature

The 109 can be submerged to 50 ft. Please note that the probe is not weighted. Therefore, the installer should either add a weighting system or secure the probe to a fixed, submerged object, such as a piling.


Frequently Asked Questions

Number of FAQs related to 109: 8

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  1. The thermistor is located approximately 3 mm (0.125 in.) back from the probe tip.

  2. When these sensors are purchased, the following calibration services are offered: TEMPCAL and TEMPCAL2.

    • TEMPCAL provides a single-point calibration and a calibration certificate. The single-point calibration determines the offset at 25°C with an uncertainty of ±0.05°C.
    • TEMPCAL2 provides a two-point calibration and a calibration certificate. The two-point calibration determines offsets at 30°C and 65°C with an uncertainty of ±0.05°C.

    For both of these services, calibration can be made at different values if it is requested by the purchaser at the time of purchase. In addition, both of these calibration services can be requested after sensor purchase using a returned material authorization (RMA) number. To request an RMA number, refer to the Repair and Calibration page. 

  3. The sensor/probe consists of a non-linear thermistor configured with a precision resistor in a half-bridge circuit, as shown in the product’s manual:

    To measure the sensor/probe, the measurement device has to provide a precision excitation voltage (Campbell Scientific dataloggers use 2000 mV), measure the voltage across the precision resistor, determine the thermistor resistance (Ohm's law), and convert the resistance to temperature using the Steinhart-Hart equation.

    The Steinhart-Hart equation is 1/T = A + Bln(R) + C(ln(R))3 where:

    • T is the temperature in Kelvin
    • R is the resistance at T in ohms
    • A, B, and C are the Steinhart-Hart coefficients, which vary depending on the temperature range of interest, as well as the type and model of the thermistor

    For the 107-L, 107-LC, 108-L, and 108-LC, the following are the coefficients for the Steinhart-Hart equation:

    • A = 8.271111E-4
    • B = 2.088020E-4
    • C = 8.059200E-8

    For the 109-L, the following are the coefficients for the Steinhart-Hart equation:

    • A = 1.129241E-3
    • B = 2.341077E-4
    • C = 8.775468E-8
  4. Most Campbell Scientific sensors are available as an –L, which indicates a user-specified cable length. If a sensor is listed as an –LX model (where “X” is some other character), that sensor’s cable has a user-specified length, but it terminates with a specific connector for a unique system:

    • An –LC model has a user-specified cable length for connection to an ET107, CS110, or retired Metdata1.
    • An –LQ model has a user-specified cable length for connection to a RAWS-P weather station.

    If a sensor does not have an –L or other –LX designation after the main model number, the sensor has a set cable length. The cable length is listed at the end of the Description field in the product’s Ordering information. For example, the 034B-ET model has a description of “Met One Wind Set for ET Station, 67 inch Cable.” Products with a set cable length terminate, as a default, with pigtails.

    If a cable terminates with a special connector for a unique system, the end of the model number designates which system. For example, the 034B-ET model designates the sensor as a 034B for an ET107 system.

    • –ET models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station.
    • –ETM models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station, but they also include a special system mounting, which is often convenient when purchasing a replacement part.
    • –QD models terminate with the connector for a RAWS-F Quick Deployment Station.
    • –PW models terminate with the connector for a PWENC or pre-wired system.
  5. Not every sensor has different cable termination options. The options available for a particular sensor can be checked by looking in two places in the Ordering information area of the sensor product page:

    • Model number
    • Cable Termination Options list

    If a sensor is offered in an –ET, –ETM, –LC, –LQ, or –QD version, that option’s availability is reflected in the sensor model number. For example, the 034B is offered as the 034B-ET, 034B-ETM, 034B-LC, 034B-LQ, and 034B-QD.

    All of the other cable termination options, if available, are listed on the Ordering information area of the sensor product page under “Cable Termination Options.” For example, the 034B-L Wind Set is offered with the –CWS, –PT, and –PW options, as shown in the Ordering information area of the 034B-L product page.

    Note: As newer products are added to our inventory, typically, we will list multiple cable termination options under a single sensor model rather than creating multiple model numbers. For example, the HC2S3-L has a –C cable termination option for connecting it to a CS110 instead of offering an HC2S3-LC model. 

  6. Note the difference between calibration and a field check. Calibration cannot be done in the field, as it requires an experienced technician and specialized equipment.

    Field checks of measurements can be done to determine if the data make sense with the real-world conditions. Follow these steps to field check a sensor:

    1. Find a second sensor of the same type as the installed sensor whose data is in question. The second sensor will be used as a benchmark sensor and should be known to be accurate or recently calibrated.
    2. At the site, take readings using both sensors under the same conditions. The best practice is to measure both sensors side-by-side at the same time. Note that the sensors will never have the exact same measurement.
    3. Depending on the sensor model, if the difference in the readings of the installed and benchmark sensors is greater than the sum of the accuracies for both sensors, either return the installed sensor to Campbell Scientific for calibration or replace the appropriate chip.
      • The 107, 108, 109, 110PV-L, and BlackGlobe-L temperature sensors can be calibrated.
      • The HC2S3-L and HMP155A-L temperature and relative humidity sensors can be calibrated.
      • The CS215-L has a replaceable chip for temperature and relative humidity. For more information, refer to the “Maintenance and Calibration” section of the CS215 instruction manual.
      • The HMP60-L has a replaceable chip for relative humidity only. For more information, refer to the “Maintenance” section of the HMP60 instruction manual.
  7. Many Campbell Scientific sensors are available with different cable termination options. These options include the following:

    • The –PT (–PT w/Tinned Wires) option is the default option and does not display on the product line as the other options do. The cable terminates in pigtails that connect directly to a datalogger.
    • In the –C (–C w/ET/CS110 Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a CS110 Electric Field Meter or an ET-series weather station.
    • In the –CWS (–CWS w/CWS900 Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a CWS900-series interface. Connection to a CWS900-series interface allows the sensor to be used in a wireless sensor network.
    • In the –PW (–PW w/Pre-Wire Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a prewired enclosure.
    • In the –RQ (–RQ w/RAWS Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a RAWS-P Permanent Remote Automated Weather Station.

    Note: The availability of cable termination options varies by sensor. For example, sensors may have none, two, or several options to choose from. If a desired option is not listed for a specific sensor, contact Campbell Scientific for assistance.

  8. To incorporate a sensor that is compatible with wireless sensor interfaces into a wireless network, a CWS900-series wireless sensor interface is needed, as well as an A205 CWS-to-PC interface to configure it. 

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