The CS526-L pH sensor uses an ISFET chip instead of pH-sensitive glass, which is used for many other pH sensors. The ISFET chip is a transistor coated with a chemically sensitive material. One of the ISFET chip’s electrodes (the gate) and the reference electrode are submersed in the same sample solution. A circuit path is established between the two electrodes. The difference in electrical potential between the two electrodes is directly proportional to the sample solution’s pH. Thus, by measuring the electrical potential, the pH is measured.