EC150 CO2/H2O Open-Path Gas Analyzer
Innovative Design
Use as part of open-path eddy-covariance systems or as a stand-alone IRGA
weather applications water applications energy applications gas flux & turbulence applications infrastructure applications soil applications

Overview

Campbell Scientific’s EC150 is an open-path analyzer specifically designed for eddy-covariance flux measurements. As a stand-alone analyzer, it simultaneously measures absolute carbon-dioxide and water-vapor densities, air temperature, and barometric pressure. With the optional CSAT3A sonic anemometer head, the EC150 also measures three-dimensional wind speed and sonic air temperature.

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Benefits and Features

  • Unique optical configuration gives a slim aerodynamic shape with minimal wind distortion
  • Analyzer and sonic anemometer measurements are synchronized by a common set of electronics
  • Maximum output rate of 60 Hz with 20 Hz bandwidth
  • Low power consumption; suitable for solar power applications
  • Low noise
  • Measurements are temperature compensated without active heat control
  • Angled windows to shed water and are tolerant to window contamination
  • Field rugged
  • Field serviceable
  • Factory calibrated over wide range of CO2, H2O, pressure and temperature in all combinations encountered in practice
  • Extensive set of diagnostic parameters
  • Fully compatible with Campbell Scientific dataloggers; field setup, configuration, and field zero and span can be accomplished directly from the datalogger
  • Speed of Sound: Determined from three acoustic paths; corrected for crosswind effects
  • Rain: innovative signal processing and transducer wicks considerably improve performance of the anemometer during precipitation events

Images

EC150 gas analyzer head with updated CSAT3A (serial numbers 2000 or greater)
EC150 gas analyzer head with updated CSAT3A (serial numbers 2000 or greater)
EC150 gas analyzer head with updated CSAT3A (serial numbers 2000 or greater)
EC150 gas analyzer head with original CSAT3A (serial numbers less than 2000)
EC150 gas analyzer head
CM250 Boom Adapter
Example open-path eddy-covariance system based on an EC150; large enclosure holds a datalogger and power supply
EC150 gas analyzer head, CSAT3A (serial numbers less than 2000), and EC100 electronics mounted to a mast
Cable ports on bottom of EC100 enclosure
EC150 with CSAT3A (original design, serial numbers less than 2000) and mounting bracket
EC100 enclosure mounting, exploded view
EC150 gas analyzer head and IRGASON & EC150 Zero & Span Shroud mounted on IRGASON & EC150 Lab Stand
EC100 electronics panel
Angled, hydrophobic windows on the EC150 improved performance in rain

Detailed Description

The CSAT3A has the following outputs:

  • Ux (m/s)*
  • Uy (m/s)*
  • Uz (m/s)*
  • Sonic Temperature (°C)*
  • Sonic Diagnostic*

The EC150 has the following outputs:

  • CO2 Density (mg/m3)
  • H2O Density (g/m3)
  • Gas Analyzer Diagnostic
  • Ambient Temperature (°C)
  • Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)
  • CO2 Signal Strength
  • H2O Signal Strength
  • Source Temperature (°C)

*The first five outputs require the CSAT3A Sonic Anemometer Head.

Specifications

Operating Temperature Range -30° to +50°C
Calibrated Pressure Range 70 to 106 kPa
Input Voltage Range 10 to 16 Vdc
Power 5 W (steady state and power up) at 25⁰C
Measurement Rate 60 Hz
Output Bandwidth 5, 10, 12.5, or 20 Hz (user-programmable)
Output Options SDM, RS-485, USB, analog (CO2 and H2O only)
Auxiliary Inputs Air temperature and pressure
Gas Analyzer/Sonic Volume Separation 5.0 cm (2.0 in.)
Warranty 3 years or 17,500 hours of operation (whichever comes first)
Cable Length 3 m (10 ft) from EC150 and CSAT3A to EC100
Weight
  • 2.0 kg (4.4 lb) for EC150 head and cables
  • 1.7 kg (3.7 lb) for CSAT3A head and cables
  • 3.2 kg (7.1 lb) for EC100 electronics

Gas Analyzer

Path Length 15.37 cm (6.05 in.)
A temperature of 20°C and pressure of 101.325 kPa was used to convert mass density to concentration.

Gas Analyzer - CO2 Performance

-NOTE- A temperature of 20°C and pressure of 101.325 kPa was used to convert mass density to concentration.
Accuracy
  • Assumes the following: the gas analyzer was properly zero and spanned using the appropriate standards; CO2 span concentration was 400 ppm; H2O span dewpoint was at 12°C (16.7 ppt); zero/span temperature was 25°C; zero/span pressure was 84 kPa; subsequent measurements made at or near the span concentration; temperature is not more than ±6°C from the zero/span temperature; and ambient temperature is within the gas analyzer operating temperature range.
  • 1% (standard deviation of calibration residuals)
Precision RMS (maximum) 0.2 mg/m3 (0.15 µmol/mol)

Nominal conditions for precision verification test: 25°C, 86 kPa, 400 μmol/mol CO2, 12°C dewpoint, and 20 Hz bandwidth.
Calibrated Range 0 to 1,000 μmol/mol (0 to 3,000 µmol/mole available upon request.)
Zero Drift with Temperature (maximum) ±0.55 mg/m3/°C (±0.3 μmol/mol/°C)
Gain Drift with Temperature (maximum) ±0.1% of reading/°C
Cross Sensitivity (maximum) ±1.1 x 10-4 mol CO2 /mol H2O

Gas Analyzer - H2O Performance

-NOTE- A temperature of 20°C and pressure of 101.325 kPa was used to convert mass density to concentration.
Accuracy
  • Assumes the following: the gas analyzer was properly zero and spanned using the appropriate standards; CO2 span concentration was 400 ppm; H2O span dewpoint was at 12°C (16.7 ppt); zero/span temperature was 25°C; zero/span pressure was 84 kPa; subsequent measurements made at or near the span concentration; temperature is not more than ±6°C from the zero/span temperature; and ambient temperature is within the gas analyzer operating temperature range.
  • 2% (standard deviation of calibration residuals)
Precision RMS (maximum) 0.004 g/m3 mmol/mol (0.006 mmol/mol)

Nominal conditions for precision verification test: 25°C, 86 kPa, 400 μmol/mol CO2, 12°C dewpoint, and 20 Hz bandwidth.
Calibrated Range 0 to 72 mmol/mol (38°C dewpoint)
Zero Drift with Temperature (maximum) ±0.037 g/m3/°C (±0.05 mmol/mol/°C)
Gain Drift with Temperature (maximum) ±0.3% of reading/°C
Cross Sensitivity (maximum) ±0.1 mol H2O/mol CO2

Sonic Anemometer - Accuracy

Offset Error
  • < ±8.0 cm s-1 (for ux, uy)
  • < ±4.0 cm s-1 (for uz)
  • ±0.7° while horizontal wind at 1 m s-1 (for wind direction)
Gain Error
  • < ±2% of reading (for wind vector within ±5° of horizontal)
  • < ±3% of reading (for wind vector within ±10° of horizontal)
  • < ±6% of reading (for wind vector within ±20° of horizontal)
Measurement Precision RMS
  • 1 mm s-1 (for ux, uy)
  • 0.5 mm s-1 (for uz)
  • 0.025°C (for sonic temperature)
  • 0.6° (for wind direction)
Speed of Sound Determined from 3 acoustic paths (corrected for crosswind effects)
Rain Innovative ultrasonic signal processing and user-installable wicks considerably improve the performance of the anemometer under all rain events.

Ambient Temperature

Manufacturer BetaTherm 100K6A1IA
Total Accuracy ±0.15°C (-30°C to +50°C)

Compatibility

Datalogger Considerations

Compatible Contemporary Dataloggers

CR200(X) Series CR800/CR850 CR1000 CR3000 CR6 CR9000X CR1000X

Compatible Retired Dataloggers

The CR5000 is the only retired datalogger that is compatible with the EC150.

Downloads

ECMon v.1.6 (10.7 MB) 03-29-2016

EC100-Series Support Software.


EC100 OS v.7.01 (560 KB) 09-07-2016

EC100 Operating System.

Watch the Video Tutorial: Updating the EC100 Operating System.

View Update History

Device Configuration Utility v.2.16 (46.3 MB) 08-18-2017

A software utility used to download operating systems and set up Campbell Scientific hardware. Also will update PakBus Graph and the Network Planner if they have been installed previously by another Campbell Scientific software package.

Supported Operating Systems:

Windows 10, 8.1, 8, and 7 (Both 32 and 64 bit)

View Update History

Frequently Asked Questions

Number of FAQs related to EC150: 21

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  1. The molecular sieve is a direct replacement for the old magnesium perchlorate bottles. The molecular sieve may be used for any Campbell Scientific analyzer that used the old bottles.

  2. The bottles of sieve for drop-in replacement contain the pellets and a membrane on top. The membrane is necessary to keep the pellets contained while allowing gas to pass over the zeolite. The bottle has the same footprint as the old magnesium perchlorate bottles. The amount in each bottle is listed on the bottle. The amount of sieve needed for each analyzer is the following:

    • The EC150 needs 22 g (drop-in bottle).
    • The IRGASON needs 22 g (drop-in bottle).
    • The EC155 needs 22 g (drop-in bottle).
    • The AP200 needs 500 g (refill).
    • The 27423 needs 1000 g (refill).
    • The 31022 needs 500 g (refill).
  3. The molecular sieve has been demonstrated here by our engineering department to be effective at removing CO2 and H2O from the air sample. The change was made for two reasons:

    1. It was a safer alternative than using the previous chemicals.
    2. Increased shipping regulations for the chemicals limited the number of suppliers. 
  4. The molecular sieve is a non-hazardous material that can be shipped to any country.

  5. Yes. A fine-wire thermocouple, such as a FW05, can be used.

  6. For greatest accuracy, Campbell Scientific recommends that a zero and a span be done on the EC150 or IRGASON. However, if a span gas is difficult to obtain, at the minimum, perform a zero on the analyzer.  Performing a zero will correct the majority of drift experienced by the analyzer. Follow the zero procedure in the analyzer’s manual for details.

  7. The factory calibration accounts for CO2 and H2O signal strengths down to 0.7. Therefore, to ensure quality data, windows should be cleaned before signal strengths drop below 0.7. 

  8. The EC150 and IRGASON gas analyzer windows are polished, slanted at an angle, and coated with a hydrophobic material to prevent water from collecting on their surfaces. Wicks may also be used on the windows to promote capillary action and move water away from the window edges. Also, heaters in the snouts may be turned on to help minimize data loss because of precipitation and condensation events.

  9. The barometer and temperature sensor are needed because the IRGASON and EC150 have been calibrated at the factory over a range of temperatures (-30° to +50°C) and barometric pressures (70 to 106 kPa). 

  10. The frequency at which a zero/span should be done is highly dependent on site conditions; however, a monthly zero/span is a good starting point.  As a general guideline, monitor the optical drift of the instrument over time to determine how often a zero/span procedure needs to be performed. 

Case Studies

Alaska: Eddy Covariance
Scientists and land-use managers have long recognized the importance of forest lands for their role......read more