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227-L Soil Matric Potential Block
Reliable Water Measurements
No maintenance required
weather applications water applications energy applications gas flux & turbulence applications infrastructure applications soil applications

Overview

The 227, manufactured by Delmhorst, is a cylindrical gypsum block that estimates soil water potential from -10 to -1000 kPa. It connects directly to a datalogger.

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Benefits and Features

  • Compatible with most Campbell Scientific dataloggers
  • Contains blocking capacitors in its cable that minimize galvanic degradation and measurement errors due to ground loops
  • Measures wide range of matric potential
  • Buffers salts in soil
  • No maintenance required

The "-L" on a product model indicates that the cable length is specified at the time of order.

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Detailed Description

The 227 determines soil water potential by measuring electrical resistance. When the 227 is wet, electrical resistance is low. As the 227 dries, resistance increases.

The 227 cylindrical block is composed of gypsum cast around two concentric electrodes, which confine current flow to the interior of the block, greatly reducing potential ground loops. Gypsum located between the outer electrode and the soil creates a buffer against salts that may affect the electrical conductivity.

Campbell Scientific recommends removing the 227 during winter.

Specifications

Material Gypsum
Measurement Range -10 to -1000 kPa
Calibration Individual calibrations are required for accurate measurements. Refer to the sensor manual for more information.
Operating Temperature Soil temperatures above freezing
Life Expectancy Two freeze-thaw cycles
Electrode Description Concentric cylinders
Center Electrode Excitation
Outer Electrode Ground
Cylinder Diameter ~2.25 cm (0.88 in.)
Cylinder Length ~2.86 cm (1.25 in.)
Weight 180 g (0.4 lb)

Compatibility

Note: The following shows notable compatibility information. It is not a comprehensive list of all compatible or incompatible products.

Dataloggers

Product Compatible Note
21X (retired)
CR10 (retired)
CR1000
CR10X (retired)
CR200X (retired)
CR206X (retired)
CR211X (retired)
CR216X (retired)
CR23X (retired)
CR295X (retired)
CR3000
CR500 (retired)
CR5000 (retired)
CR510 (retired)
CR800
CR850
CR9000 (retired)
CR9000X

Additional Compatibility Information

Datalogger Considerations

Two single-ended channels and one excitation channel per probe are required.


Frequently Asked Questions

Number of FAQs related to 227-L: 3

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  1. Most Campbell Scientific sensors are available as an –L, which indicates a user-specified cable length. If a sensor is listed as an –LX model (where “X” is some other character), that sensor’s cable has a user-specified length, but it terminates with a specific connector for a unique system:

    • An –LC model has a user-specified cable length for connection to an ET107, CS110, or retired Metdata1.
    • An –LQ model has a user-specified cable length for connection to a RAWS-P weather station.

    If a sensor does not have an –L or other –LX designation after the main model number, the sensor has a set cable length. The cable length is listed at the end of the Description field in the product’s Ordering information. For example, the 034B-ET model has a description of “Met One Wind Set for ET Station, 67 inch Cable.” Products with a set cable length terminate, as a default, with pigtails.

    If a cable terminates with a special connector for a unique system, the end of the model number designates which system. For example, the 034B-ET model designates the sensor as a 034B for an ET107 system.

    • –ET models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station.
    • –ETM models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station, but they also include a special system mounting, which is often convenient when purchasing a replacement part.
    • –QD models terminate with the connector for a RAWS-F Quick Deployment Station.
    • –PW models terminate with the connector for a PWENC or pre-wired system.
  2. Not every sensor has different cable termination options. The options available for a particular sensor can be checked by looking in two places in the Ordering information area of the sensor product page:

    • Model number
    • Cable Termination Options list

    If a sensor is offered in an –ET, –ETM, –LC, –LQ, or –QD version, that option’s availability is reflected in the sensor model number. For example, the 034B is offered as the 034B-ET, 034B-ETM, 034B-LC, 034B-LQ, and 034B-QD.

    All of the other cable termination options, if available, are listed on the Ordering information area of the sensor product page under “Cable Termination Options.” For example, the 034B-L Wind Set is offered with the –CWS, –PT, and –PW options, as shown in the Ordering information area of the 034B-L product page.

    Note: As newer products are added to our inventory, typically, we will list multiple cable termination options under a single sensor model rather than creating multiple model numbers. For example, the HC2S3-L has a –C cable termination option for connecting it to a CS110 instead of offering an HC2S3-LC model. 

  3. Many Campbell Scientific sensors are available with different cable termination options. These options include the following:

    • The –PT (–PT w/Tinned Wires) option is the default option and does not display on the product line as the other options do. The cable terminates in pigtails that connect directly to a datalogger.
    • In the –C (–C w/ET/CS110 Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a CS110 Electric Field Meter or an ET-series weather station.
    • In the –CWS (–CWS w/CWS900 Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a CWS900-series interface. Connection to a CWS900-series interface allows the sensor to be used in a wireless sensor network.
    • In the –PW (–PW w/Pre-Wire Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a prewired enclosure.
    • In the –RQ (–RQ w/RAWS Connector) option, the cable terminates in a connector that attaches to a RAWS-P Permanent Remote Automated Weather Station.

    Note: The availability of cable termination options varies by sensor. For example, sensors may have none, two, or several options to choose from. If a desired option is not listed for a specific sensor, contact Campbell Scientific for assistance.

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